Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. Garzke, William H.; Dulin, Robert O. [14] Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. Vittorio Veneto was chosen as the primary target as the town’s capture would split the Austro-Hungarians in two. [13] These guns fired a 50 kg (110 lb) AP shell at a muzzle velocity of 910 m/s (3,000 ft/s). With some of the most powerful battleships mounting guns of 406mm (16″) or 460mm (18.1″), battleships with guns… Mar 22, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Julio Arróspide. Battleship Vittorio Veneto. Work was not resumed. The two fleets did not make contact, however, and the Italians returned to port. [31] During the attack on Taranto on 12 November 1940, Littorio was hit twice by torpedos, suffering serious damage. In comparison, the French. [15] The ships were equipped with three Ro.43 reconnaissance seaplanes or navalized Re.2000 fighters. … [36][Note 3] This resulted in the Battle of Cape Matapan the following day, during which Vittorio Veneto engaged British cruisers. The Italians promised to provide all necessary technical and material support for the construction of the ships. Battleship Vittorio Veneto was one of the three Italian Littorio class battleships operating in the Second World War. The rear mast bookended the twin smoke funnel arrangement at midships. The Italian Navy pushed to modernize and enlarge the existing shipyards in Spain, so that they could handle a vessel as large as the Littorio class. Vittorio Veneto: The Vittorio Veneto was laid down 1934 along with her sister the Littorio and was launched on 25 July 1937 and commissioned on 28 April 1940. Sardegna Empire Battleship (9007) Vittorio Veneto. [29] The ships made another unsuccessful sortie to attack another Malta convoy on 29 September. [7] This was ultimately abandoned in favor of a 35,000 ton design to be armed with 406 mm guns. Instead, a single catapult was fitted. The first Italian design, prepared in 1928, called for a 23,000 long tons (23,000 t) ship armed with a main battery of six 381 mm (15.0 in) guns in twin turrets. The British used smoke to cover a withdrawaland the Italian units declined to stop them. The first pair, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were 224.05 meters (735.1 ft) long between perpendiculars, 237.76 m (780.1 ft) long overall. Bagnasco, Erminio; de Toro, Augusto (2011). She was renamed Italia after Benito Mussolini's regime collapsed. After the war, she was taken by the UK as part of war reparations. The design was for a 42,000 t (41,000 long tons; 46,000 short tons) ship armed with nine 406 mm guns in triple turrets. [25], Note the extent of the armored belt at the waterline, amidships, The ships' belt armor was designed to defeat 380 mm shells at ranges over 16,000 m (52,000 ft), and was inclined at 11 degrees. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. Nota: Prezzi e disponibilità sono solo indicazioni. Roma joined the fleet in June 1942, though all three ships remained inactive in La Spezia until June 1943, when all three were damaged in a series of Allied air attacks on the harbor. Franco concluded several agreements with the Italian government that would have seen the building of four Littorio-class battleships in Spain. The bomb detonated the magazines, causing a massive explosion that destroyed the ship with heavy casualties. Vittorio Veneto was designed by General Umberto Pugliese, and was the first battleship to exceed the limits of the Washington Naval Treaty (35,000 long tons (36,000 t) of displacement). The Italian fleet - including Vittorio Veneto - despite the recent attack by the British on Taranto had interrupted a British convoy to Malta earlier in the month. She was designed by General Umberto Pugliese and engineer Francesco Mazzullo. Recensioni in-box. They were Italy's first modern battleships, and the first 35,000-ton capital ships of any nation to be laid down under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. Two were placed abreast the No. The turret faces were 280 mm thick, with 70 mm (2.8 in) thick sides. The Italian Navy decided that the smaller design was impractical, and that a larger design should be pursued. [11] Nevertheless, by the time these ships entered service, the international arms control system had fallen apart and the major naval powers had invoked the "escalator clause" that allowed for ships up to 45,000 long tons (46,000 t) displacement. During the engagement, one of her Ro.43 reconnaissance planes was shot down by a Skua fighter. On 31 August, the two ships, along with three of the older battleships steamed with a force of ten cruisers and thirty-one destroyers to engage the Operation Hats convoy, but poor reconnaissance prevented the Italian force from engaging the British ships. The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 allotted Italy an additional 70,000 long tons (71,000 t) of total capital ship tonnage, which could be used in 1927–1929, while other powers were observing the "holiday" in battleship construction prescribed by the treaty. [32], Repairs to Vittorio Veneto were completed in time for her to join Littorio on attacks on the convoys Vigorous and Harpoon, which had departed Alexandria and Gibraltar to reinforce Malta simultaneously in mid-June. [33] In February, Vittorio Veneto, Andrea Doria and Giulio Cesare attempted to attack what was believed to be a Malta convoy. [14] This was due to two major defects in the design. [42], In 1939, Spain's General Francisco Franco briefly considered a naval building program after seizing power in the Spanish Civil War. [13] The 90 mm guns provided long-range anti-aircraft protection, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets. … The class was composed of four ships— Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero —but only the first three ships of the class were completed. [6] 41. Roma's displacement increased slightly as compared to the other ships, to 40,992 t (40,345 long tons; 45,186 short tons) and 45,485 t (44,767 long tons; 50,139 short tons), respectively. While the ship itself has not been released or mentioned to be released in the future, the full CG does exist in the game files and appears in the story during the Empyreal Tragicomedy event. ) Initially designed to remain within the 35,000-ton Washington Treaty limit, the final displacement was just over 40,000 tons. La quilla del Vittorio Veneto fue puesta en grada en los astilleros Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico de … Vittorio Veneto was the lead ship of the Littorio class of battleships that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. Noot, Lt. Jurrien S. (1980). The overall design of Littorio-class ships was remarkable, especially … She was then attacked by torpedo bombers from HMS Formidable; the first wave failed, but the second scored a single hit on both Vittorio Veneto and the heavy cruiser Pola. Four … The ship’s main armament consisted of 3 triple turrets with 381 mm guns, 2 turrets superfiring at the front and 1 at the rear. In the subsequent night battle three heavy cruisers and two destroyers of the helping force were sunk by British battleships at close range. The cruisers lead the engagement, putting severe pressure on the light cruisers of the British force. [15] The ships carried 4,140 t (4,070 long tons; 4,560 short tons) of fuel oil, which enabled a maximum range of 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km; 5,270 mi) at a cruising speed of 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph). She provided distant cover to another convoy on 3–6 January 1942. The 3 full colour silhouettes (1943 version), 10 pages with drawings of details.. [44], In the early 1930s, the Soviet Navy began a naval construction program, and sought advice from foreign shipbuilders for a new class of battleships. In service, however, the ships averaged 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph). It was the final action fought on the Italian Front. There, she replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. [27], All four ships incorporated a unique underwater protection system named after its designer, Umberto Pugliese. Garzke, William H., Jr.; Dulin, Robert O., Jr. (1980). Vittorio Veneto fue un acorazado italiano perteneciente a la clase Littorio.Sirvió en la Regia Marina durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.Fue llamado así después de la victoria italiana en la Primera Guerra Mundial en la Batalla de Vittorio Veneto.. Construcción. In her protection design, Veneto utilized Pugliese Defense System. Littorio displaced 40,724 metric tons (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons) as designed and 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons) at full load. Another 140 mm (5.5 in) wide gap separated the main belt from a 36 mm (1.4 in) thick splinter screen. Vittorio Veneto (nave da battaglia) battleship. The ships' main battery consisted of nine 381 mm L/50 Ansaldo 1934 guns in three triple turrets, two in a superfiring pair forward and one aft. [5], Later in 1928, the design staff prepared another ship, with a displacement of 35,000 long tons (36,000 t), armed with six 406 mm (16.0 in) guns and protected against guns of the same caliber. After 1930, the Italian Navy abandoned the smaller designs altogether. I have my sister, Roma, with me. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg. The torpedo bulkhead would prevent any splinters or explosive effects from entering the ships' vitals. They remained at the Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal for the rest of the war. Italian Vittorio Veneto-class Battleships [Perepeczko, Andrzej] on Amazon.com. Vittorio Veneto was eventually returned to Italy where she was dismantled, at La Spezia 1951-54. Discover (and save!) The Battleship Vittorio Veneto; The Battleship Vittorio Veneto. All four ships would have the same draft of 9.6 m (31 ft) and beam of 32.82 m (107.7 ft). Littorio reached 137,649 shp (102,645 kW) and 31.3 kn (58.0 km/h; 36.0 mph), while Vittorio Veneto made 133,771 shp (99,753 kW) and 31.4 kn (58.2 km/h; 36.1 mph), both at light loadings. Vittorio Veneto Tier VIII Italian Battleship 1940 A series of new-generation Italian battleships. [29] On the night of 8–9 January 1941, the Royal Air Force attacked Naples with heavy bombers, but failed to hit the ship. After the armistice between Italy and the Allies announced on 8 September 1943, Vittorio Veneto and the majority of the Italian fleet sailed for Malta and North Africa to join the Allies. The ship was laid down in October 1934, launched in July 1937 and commissioned in April 1940. Naval History . 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