Judges of the County Court. They did not need slaves like their neighbors to the south. There were exceptions and the movement of some tribes over time resulted in some confusion over exact location. U.S., Bureau of Land Management Tract Books, 1820-1908Images only. Noah B. Cole was married in the Sparta community of Conecuh County, Ala., in 1819. Therefore, the people who settled in the Black Belt were primarily planters from Virginia and Georgia. Publication date 1899 Topics Frontier and pioneer life ... Be the first one to write a review. DOWNLOAD OPTIONS download 1 file . Indeed this is where the Indians lived. English, French, and Spanish settlers and settlers from South Carolina and Georgia established trading posts. Many moved away. In 1800 there were only 14 slave owners in Winston County. The first white settlers of Alabama were English. Settlement and Growth. On "Watkins' Island " at the head of the Muscle Shoals - there are a half dozen of them - and on the upper end several acres are covered with shells, as if the natives had occupied it for many ages. Cedar Creek Furnace, the state's first blast furnace and commerical pig-iron producer, established in present-day Franklin County. areas of the state. He was a native of Pittsylvania county, Virginia, but resided for many years in this county and in Madison. Therefore, when the winds of division between the North and South began to blow in the 1850's an obvious political difference between North and South Alabama arose. Early settlers of Alabama by Saunders, James Edmonds, 1806-1896; Stubbs, Elizabeth Saunders Blair. The soil they found in the Black Belt was much better than their worn out soil in the tidelands. The early settlers of Northen Dale County were the founders of present day Arguta (pronounced Are-goo-taa!) Timber was cut and transported on keelboats downriver for sale at Pensacola. When Alabama was being settled in the early 1800s our first settlers were diverse in their origins. They were well heeled slave owners and became the cotton growing plantation owners of the Black Belt. The vote fell along regional lines. They named the region as La Florida, which extended to the southeast peninsular state now bearing the name. After marriage, my first home was in Moulton, the county seat. The obvious political cleavage between North and South Alabama was stark and measured. Members of the Cole family were some of the very earliest settlers in Covington County. Abram (Abraham) Mordecai, a Pennsylvania-born Jew who had settled in central Alabama by 1785 and established the state’s first cotton gin near Montgomery, was made a key character in Albert James Pickett’s History o… 1710–1763:The Alabama area was governed by France. The Tuskegee Airmen, the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military, were trained in Alabama. John B. However, there were exceptions and some degree of tribal movement over time. ©Genealogy Trails I knew the early settlers well, and of them I design to write; those who were here fifty or sixty years ago, or more. It became and important American port. This rich black soil is perfect for growing cotton. The first Presbyterian mission was established on the Alabama-Coushatta reservation in Polk County in 1881, and since that time the church has played a major role in the lives of these Indians. Early Settlers of Baldwin County, AL. I then moved to the Courtland Valley, and have spent many summers at the Chalybeate Springs, on the mountain (where I had a home). These yeomen farmers of the hills were obviously reluctant to leave the Union for the cause of the planter and his slaves. The people who settled the Black Belt were looking for new cotton lands. It was shortly after the secession convention that the majority of the good citizens of the northwest Alabama county of Winston met at Looney's Tavern to determine their course of action regarding the advent of the war between the North and the South. Steve Flowers served 16 years in the state Legislature. With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, along with the Emancipation Proclamation abolishing slavery, the crucible decision of secession arose. The folks in North Alabama did not own slaves and they figured they did not have a dog in that fight. The hill farmers from North Alabama preferred to wait and see what their cousins from Tennessee were going to do because they had more in common with them. These folks were not interested in being cotton farmers anyway. The river basins also offered the most fertile soil for cultivation. They had burned up their soil in the east coast of Virginia by planting the cash crop cotton continuously year after year. 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