Similarly, the Indian federation consists of many constituent units called ‘states’, but they are really not states in the eyes of international law, as they are not sovereign. Aristotle said man is a social animal and by nature he is a political being. In the same vein, the United Nations (UN) is not a state as it is not sovereign. The State exercises supreme authority over them through its government. 1. Each of these three organs of the government carries out its assigned functions. India is free to sign or not to sign any treaty with any other state. Disclaimer 9. The state exercises its sovereign power through its government. A state needs to abide by international laws. Communist China took its legitimate place in the UN in 1970’s only after the establishment of rapprochement between the US and communist china. A state, to declare itself sovereign, must be internally supreme and free from any external control. The state works for the elimination of terrorism and violence. Many developing countries including India have democratic governments. Sovereignty has two aspects internal and external. Three elements are essential to build the state on perfect lines i.e., fellowship, practical organization and justice. (7) State conducts foreign relations, foreign trade and economic relations. Definitions : The state is the most universal and most powerful of all social institutions. State definition, the condition of a person or thing, as with respect to circumstances or attributes: a state of health. A State comes to be a state only when it has all these elements. Economic state power can be derived from a state's ability to mobilize industrially, or the natural resources that the state has at its disposal. For this purpose the state maintains police. The word State is often confused with government. The elements of state power are economic power, military power, geographical power, the power of alliance and internal political power. 3. China came under communist rule in 1949. However, a large population can be a liability if the resources of the state are not adequate for its maintenance. Monitoring Program Strategy. It is often, but erroneously, used as a synonym for “nation,” “society,” “government,” etc. State alone posses sovereignty. The creator of the periodic table, Dmitri Mendeleev , in 1869 began collecting and sorting known properties of elements, like … This is provided by the state. No other organisation or institution can claim sovereignty. People. But population must be large enough to make a State and sustain it. It may be pointed out that the power and security of a state are not determined only by the size of its territory. After her independence, India got the power to exercise both internal and external Sovereignty. It can be either Parliamentary or Presidential or both. State is a territorial unit. The territory of the state can also include some islands located in the sea. 1. In modern times states vary greatly from the few thousands of Monaco or of San Marino to the crores of China or of India. Privacy Policy 8. However it keeps on changing after regular intervals. Copyright 10. SAARC is not a state. India has a very large and fast growing population and there is every need to check population growth. A number of writers who have attacked the concept of absolute sovereignty on theoretical grounds also hold that it is undesirable. But how many people should constitute the […] H. J. Laski, for example, regards it as incompatible with the interests of humanity and world peace. Government . It denotes the supreme power or the final authority from which there is no appeal. State voluntarily accepts rules of international law. One of the main problems faced by developing countries is over-population. How do you distinguish between the idea of the State and conception of the State? Population . It is directly responsible to the people. We do not use it. Territory is the second essential element of the State. Out of these four elements, Sovereignty stands accepted as the most important and exclusive element of the State. It is the agent or the working agency of the State. Four Elements or Characteristics of the State are as folllows: 1. The state serves this need, by protecting s the society from internal and external dangers. People - the population living in a state. According to Plato, an ideal state should have a population of 5040. We want to encourage as broad a group of people as possible to learn what AI is, what can (and can’t) be done with AI, and how to start creating AI methods. End of sovereignty means end of the State. (3) Judiciary—which applies the laws to specific cases and settles the disputes i.e. M In each society the people need the state because provides currency and coinage for the conduct of economic business and trade relations. He inherits several relations and throughout his life remains bound up with these. By providing security law and order, the state helps the people to carry out their economic relations and activities. All that can be said is that a large population is an advantage from the point of view of military defense. State is needed by him for providing security law and order as well as for punishing all criminals and anti-social elements. The people within a state are bound by the laws. Without sovereignty no state can exit. China was already a full-fledged state for many years before the UN was established in 1945. (4) The state issues and regulates currency and coinage. Following the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of states which was a treaty signed at Montevideo, Uruguay, on December 26th, 1933. Yet these are not really states. Elements of State: Weber in his Economy and Society and also in other works pointed out certain elements of state. The act or omission of a State will qualify as an “internationally wrongful act” if two conditions are met. State: Elements and Necessity of the State! (6) State grants citizenship and protects their interests and rights. Aristotle laid down a general principle that the population of a state should be large enough to make it sufficient and small enough to make good government possible. The Elements of the state Or more important are the population, territory, government and sovereignty. For this purpose the state maintains an army. These definitions draw attention to the fact that the state has four essential elements. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. These are also loosely called states. The recognition of the sovereign status of a new state by other states is called international recognition. It is the characteristic which distinguishes the state from all other associations. This sometimes creates the impression that there is no difference between the State and Government. Some institutions can have the first three elements (Population Territory and Government) but not sovereignty. At times, selfishness of some persons can cause some difficulties and harms to others. It also means the full freedom of the State to participate in the activities of the community of nations. Population can be more or less but it has to be there. Government is the political organization of the state. It is said in favour of large states that they are strong in defense and because of availability of resources they are economically self-sufficient. Internally viewed, the state has supreme power over all individuals and associations within its fixed area. 966 words short essay on meaning and features of a State. Elements of the State . He always wants to live and remain in the company of fellow human beings. The state is a natural institution. The State has a comprehensive monitoring program strategy that serves all water quality management needs and addresses all State water, including all waterbody types (e.g., streams, rivers, lakes, Great Lakes, reservoirs, estuaries, coastal areas, wetlands, and groundwater). THE STATE AND ITS ELEMENTS . Elements of a State Water Monitoring and Assessment Program. The first two elements constitute the physical or material basis of the state while the last two form its political and spiritual basis. A widely used definition from the German sociologist Max Weber is that a "state" is a polity that maintains a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence, although other definitions are not uncommon.. Elements go from the ground state to the excited state if some form of energy is supplied. It must be remembered that both of them were thinking in terms of small city-states. Further, it must be noted that the territory of the state includes not only the land but also, rivers, lakes, canals inland seas if any, a portion of coastal sea—territorial waters or maritime belt, continental shelf, mountains, hills and all other land features along with the air space above the territory. A state is a polity under a system of governance.Currently, there is no undisputed definition of a state among scientists or researchers. First, the act or omission must constitute a breach of an international obligation, or, as the articles put it, must be “not in conformity with what is required” by the international obligation [3]. Privacy Policy A State stands identified with its four absolutely essential elements: State is a community of persons. According to Garner, government is the agency through which “common policies are determined and by which common affairs are regulated.” The state wills and acts through the government. List of elements Atomic Number Name Symbol Group Period Number Block State at. The area the state covers is the first element. When citizens of another State are living in the territory of the State, they are called aliens. Login to see the comments. Small states and large ones exist side by side. Even a States can lease out its territory to another State e.g. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). (2) State ensures security against internal disturbances disorders and crimes. km. Content Guidelines It is claimed that small states are good for efficient administration and inculcating among the people a sense of unity and love for the state. Population: The primary requirement for the existence of the State is population. All these institutions always act in accordance with the laws of the State. There are States with very small populations like Switzerland, Canada and others, and there are States like China, India and others, with very large populations. Report a Violation, 9 Main Differences between State and Government, 8 Main Differences Between State and Society. The Elements of AI is a series of free online courses created by Reaktor and the University of Helsinki. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. The starting point of the articles is that “every internationally wrongful act of a State entails the international responsibility of that State” [2] . We can define external sovereignty of the State as its sovereign equality with every other state. They enjoy rights and freedom as citizens as well as perform several duties towards the State. Ability to connect with other countries. So communist China, though ruling the mainland China, was not allowed to become the member of the UN due to America’s opposition. There are different kinds of government in different states such as monarchy, democracy and dictatorship. Elements of State 1. Answer (1 of 6): The state is an abstract institution that only exists if it is acknowledged by those who reside in it. 12 hours ago Delete Reply Block. Political bases of the State. It should be determined on the basis of the size of the territory of the State, the available resources, the standard of living expected and needs of defence, production of goods and supplies. 2. It satisfies several important needs of society: (1) State provides security against external aggressions and war. In the Presidential form, as is in operation in the U.S.A., the legislature and executive are two independent and separate organs with stable and fixed tenures, and the executive is not responsible to legislature. We have tiny states like San Marino with an area of less than twenty-five square miles. These are: (1) population, (2) territory, (3) government, (4) sovereignty (or independence). Complete information on the meaning and elements of state. State formulates and implements all financial policies and plans for the benefit of all the citizens. Population can be more or less but it has to be there. The presence of all these four elements alone vests a State with real statehood. 2. Some other factors in this regard are geographical location, resources and climate. According to this Convention, The Elements of the State establishment are as follows: People. STP Occurrence Description 1 Hydrogen H 1 1 s Gas Primordial Non-metal 2 Helium He 18 1 s Gas Primordial Noble gas 3 Lithium Li 1 2 s Solid The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population (people); (b) a defined territory; (c) government (political authority); and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states (diplomat recognition or sovereignty). Government as a whole is the instrument through which the sovereign power of the State gets used. (5) State undertakes steps for the creation of necessary conditions for the socio-economic-politico-cultural development of the people. Without a population there can be no State. What are the essential elements of a State? However it must be clearly noted that government is just one element of the State. In modern times, Rousseau, prompted by considerations of direct democracy, fixed the number at 10,000. The people are all the people in the territory of a country and obey the rules of the country. Meaning of The State. Before independence India was not a state as it was ruled by the British. His nature impels him and necessities compel him to live in society and enter into social relations with others. It can be Unitary or Federal or of mixture of these two in its organisation and working. According to international law, all states are equal in status and right, no matter how unequal they are in population and area. All persons, organisations, associations, institutions and places located within its territory are under the sovereign jurisdiction of the State. Government consists of three organs, namely, legislature, executive and judiciary. TOS 7. It is essential for enhancing the ability of India to register a high level of sustainable development. On the other hand, there are giant states like the Russian Republic, China, U. S. A., and Australia with millions of square miles. Land, water and air space comprise the territory of a state. In modern times, the citizens are bound together by residence on a common territory. Man is a social animal. But there is no agreement an how many countries would have to recognise a new state so that the latter gains statehood in the eyes of international law. The relationship between the Legislature and Executive is defined by law and it corresponds to the adopted form of government. Therefore some scholars have argued that international recognition be an essential element of state. European Union: A supranational organization created in the 1950s to bring the nations of Europe into closer economic and political connection. This is a list of the 118 chemical elements which have been identified as of 2021. He is by nature a gregarious animal. Sikkim was a state before it joined India in 1975. As the supreme power of the State, Sovereignty has two dimensions: Internal Sovereignty and External Sovereignty. 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